By Hala Fattah, Frank Caso
A complete consultant to greater than 6,000 years of heritage in Iraq. protecting subject matters starting from the traditional Mesopotamian civilizations to the autumn of Saddam Hussein and the conflict in Iraq, it examines the altering panorama of this kingdom. It makes a speciality of the societies, peoples, and cultures of Iraq.
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Extra info for A Brief History Of Iraq
A détente with Antigonus, who, himself was looking westward to Athens, combined with earlier victories over Demetrios and other satraps under Antigonus, allowed Seleucus to turn his army east, whereupon he conquered what had been the Iranian satrapies. , he, like the other Macedonian satraps, declared himself king and ruled not from Babylon but from Seleucia, a city he founded on the Tigris River south of Babylon. Seleucia was not a capital in the classical sense; as historian John D. Grainger points out, “the kings were peripatetic in the first century or so of the [Seleucid] kingdom’s life” (Grainger 1990, 122).
The Persians’ keen interest in promoting efficient government allowed them to retain the administrative languages used by different peoples so as to be able to use them in local affairs; as well, the inscriptions on the walls of temples or on monuments were in several different languages, testimony to the diversity of the empire, which at its height contained more than 70 ethnic groups. , located approximately 45 miles north of Shiraz, Iran (Steba/Shutterstock) Imperial expansion aside, Darius left his mark on the empire through its internal reorganization.
J. van der Spek, “the atammu (the chief administrator of the temple [Esagila]) and the board called ‘the Babylonians, (of) the council of Esaghila’ ” (van der Spek in Kuhrt and Sherwin-White 1987, 61). As had Cyrus and Alexander before him, the “peripatetic” Seleucus campaigned in India, but to less success. First, he came up against the Mauryan Empire, whose king, Chandragupta, had taken over Alexander’s Indian possessions. Then, Seleucus was forced to return to Mesopotamia to join the alliance against Antigonus and Demetrios in the Fourth Diadochi War.