By Jonathan Clements
'From the Fury of the Northmen carry us, O Lord'. among the 8th and 11th centuries, the Vikings surged from their Scandinavian place of origin to alternate, raid and invade alongside the coasts of Europe. Their impact and expeditions prolonged from Newfoundland to Baghdad, their battles have been as far-flung as Africa and the Arctic. yet have been they nice seafarers or determined outcasts, noble heathens or oafish pirates, the final pagans or the 1st of the trendy Europeans? This concise research places medieval chronicles, Norse sagas and Muslim money owed along newer study into ritual magic, genetic profiling and climatology. It comprises biographical sketches of a few of the main well-known Vikings, from Erik Bloodaxe to Saint Olaf, and King Canute to Leif the fortunate. It explains why the Danish king Harald Bluetooth lent his identify to a twenty-first century instant expertise; which destiny saint laughed as she buried overseas ambassadors alive; why such a lot of Icelandic settlers had Irish names; and, how the final Viking colony was once destroyed via English raiders. Extending past the conventional 'Viking age' of such a lot books, "A short historical past of the Vikings" locations unexpected Scandinavian inhabitants stream in a much wider old context. It offers a balanced appraisal of those notorious sea kings, explaining either their quick growth and its meant halt. intended simply because, eventually, the Vikings didn't disappear: they changed into us.
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Additional resources for A Brief History of the Vikings
And let whoever suffers hiccoughs chew cloves frequently; let the person do this for one month. . B Black hellebore [cristiana] has both ﬁery warmth and coldness. Let a person in whom very bad and deadly humors have been stirred up, so that they boil out from some of the limbs, always eat black hellebore; the person will get better. Let whoever has quartan fevers eat black hellobore when they ﬁrst start, and they will get better. Let whoever suffers from worse fevers eat hellebore while sick, and they will get better.
But also, if a person is forgetful and unaware, let them hold the seed of fern in his or her hand, and the memory will come back and understanding will return; thus one who was unintelligible becomes intelligible. . Hazelwort [haselwurtz] is very warm and has dangerous power. It is very poisonous and its nature is unstable, similar to a storm, because its warmth and dangerous power actually rush to harm a person. Therefore, it destroys a person’s nature more than it leads to health.
Arum [herba aaron] is neither tepid nor very strong, but has equal and temperate warmth, just as the sun holds pleasant Hildegard’s ealing lants warmth after daybreak and as the dew is sweet in summer before the day begins. Therefore, it has many uses, just as a gentle person is able to endure danger and still be rightly prosperous. When a certain person’s decay turns into a black boil, which can cause death, let the leaves or the root of arum be given to this person to eat. This lessens the excessive heat or excessive cold which is in the boil so that it leaves the person pleasantly.