By Moshe Gil
This used to be the 1st accomplished historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine throughout the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in response to a magnificent array of resources together with records from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a heritage of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular recognition is paid to the background of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. a vital source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage, spiritual stories and for someone drawn to the background of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts through reviewing the political and army occasions in Palestine sooner than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, within which time Palestine used to be a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. in contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He seems on the monetary historical past of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the spiritual prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular cognizance is paid to the background of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. Professor Gil info their topography, monetary actions and non secular lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main well-known Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A historical past of Palestine, 634-1099" relies on a powerful array of assets. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled through Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This huge examine could be learn by way of scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background and spiritual experiences and through somebody drawn to the heritage of the Holy Land.
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Additional resources for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
One year later, towards the end of 627, the Persians suffered their greatest defeat near the ruins of ancient 9 See the translation of the Syriac chronicle: Noldeke, Sitzungsb. 9, 24ff. The information regarding the Jewish revolt in Antioch that was supposed to have taken place in 610, with the approach of the Persians to the city, in Avi-Yonah, Rome and Byzantium (Hebrew), 1, 189, is basically erroneous. biib (Agapius), 189(449), has information regarding this revolt as having taken place during the reign ofPhocas, and it does not belong here.
For we have seen that those sources which are nearest in time and place to the events, do not mention the Jews at all. In the same manner, Hage repeats the 'information' that the Jews used to buy Christian captives in order to hand them over to be killed by the Persians. Pertusi writes in a similar vein. 9 (9] While still engaged in the war against the A vars, Heraclius began to organise his forces for war against the Persians. It seems that an important aspect of his preparations was the pacts he concluded with tribes and peoples who were the Persians' enemies, particularly those of the Caucasus and the Khazars.
The Byzantine victory was accompanied by a wave of persecution of the Jews throughout the Christian world. Both Christian and Muslim sources speak of Heraclius' edict of apostasy, intended to force all the Jews in his kingdom to convert to Christianity. This edict evidently suited the policy of centralisation and religious unity which Heraclius was resolutely trying to achieve, now that he was crowned with the laurels of victory. He undertook vigorous negotiations with the Monophysites in order to formulate a unified framework for the Church, for which purpose he was prepared to forego certain dogmatic precepts.