By B. Siertsema
If Phonetics is a relatively fresh topic for eu scholars of international languages and is eyed through them with a few sus picion as an invention that's intended to make their stories tricky, it truly is much more so with English Phonetics for African scholars. haven't Africans been studying English for over a century, and with solid leads to many instances, with no giving a suggestion to its phonetics? Why introduce this new topic and upload to the variety of books they must learn and the variety of examinations they need to go prior to they could get their measure? but if the examine of a international language is to be modern its phonetics can't be missed; to the contrary, it's as very important because the examine of its spelling, if no more so. With the discovery of radio and phone, of gramophone and tape-recorders, the significance of the spoken be aware has elevated immensely and it really is way more crucial now than it used to be 100 years in the past that those that research a international language should still discover ways to communicate it accurately. therefore a brand new topic has been extra to the time table of language scholars and lecturers: the examine and perform of the sounds of the language, and for the lecturers additionally the learn of ways to educate those sounds.
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Additional resources for A Test in Phonetics: 500 Questions and Answers on English Pronunciation and How to Teach it in West Africa
Energy at all in the movements and they should be almost imperceptible. If, with his mouth in this relaxed position, he produces voice, the result will be the vowel [;:,]. The mistake in the African pronunciation of [;:,] is that the speakers try too hard to get it right: they do too much while they should 'do' as little as possible. 46. When final, [;:,] tends to be slightly more open than initially, and the nearest equivalent sound in Yoruba: [a], has consequently been substituted for it in this position in the word.
94 and 95. IV. Triphthongs and Semivowels 81. [faia]; [paua]. 82. Triphthongs. 83. No. A real triphthong would be a combination of three vowel sounds in one syllable. In [faia] and [paua] we hear two syllables. (See no. 122). 84. English has no real triphthongs; a real triphthong has the most open vowel in the middle (See Chapter VI). 85. The words why and yea are sometimes taken as examples of what a real triphthong might sound like: in that case they are transcribed with vowel symbols instead of the consonants: [uai].
The teacher can emphasize this "closing" quality of the diphthongs by moving his lower jaw from a fairly open 49 In. ) 77. 78. 79. 80. position to a markedly close one and tell the students to do so in practising these sounds. High [hai] has a wide closing diphthong; [hei] has a narrow closing one: for the first part of the [ai] the mouth passage is wide: the tongue is far away from the palate. [a] being an "open" vowel. The first part of [ei] is a closer vowel than [a]; the mouth passage is "narrower" at the beginning of this diphthong than it is at the beginning of [ai].