By Stephen Tanner
Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, the realm was once riveted as American army strength contested the mythical warrior tradition of Afghanistan. by way of spring 2002, the United States started to draw down its forces, its venture finished: The Afghan Taliban regime has been overthrown and the terrorists it harbored have been at the run. used to be America's effortless victory facts of its army superiority, or have been the Afghans simply eyeing the novices as they've got watched international armies in centuries previous, figuring out time is on their side?For over 2,500 years, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as an important crossroads--not only for armies yet for clashes among civilizations--the Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Tartars, and in additional contemporary instances, Britain and Russia. Now the USA needs to face a brand new enemy in this land--a land that for hundreds of years has develop into a graveyard of empires past.This first-ever entire army heritage of Afghanistan illuminates the extensive ancient context into which American forces were drawn--a cautionary story, possibly, concerning the hazards which can lie forward.
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Extra resources for Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban
Having secured his own logistics, the delay may have been meant to weaken the larger Persian force through hunger and its consequent demoralization. Otherwise, his problem was that he could not hope to match the width of Persian front in a wide field, and, given the enemy's superior cavalry, knew he would be outflanked from the beginning. His solution was to organize his army into a rough rectangle. The heavy Macedonian infantry was aligned across the front, his own Companion Cavalry on the right, and Parmenio's Thessalian horsemen on the left.
The army had been cutting trees to pile up against the steep cliffs, and during that hot August a strong west wind had dried them into tinder. The ancient sources differ on whether the trees accidentally caught fire or Alexander purposely had them piled up and ignited, but the result was that the entire mountaintop was swept by flames and the defenders perished. Reading between the lines, there is occasion to wonder whether the Areians indeed died en masse in the fire or whether Alexander simply "declared victory" and hastened on his way.
While it was in camp, news arrived that Satibarzanes, reinforced by Bactrian cavalry, had broken back into Areia to raise a new revolt. Bessus had also dispatched cavalry farther west against Alexander's supply line and had named a new rebel satrap of Parthia. Alexander sent a general named Erigyus at the head of Greek cavalry and other forces to Areia to suppress the revolt. He also assigned four thousand infantry and six hundred cavalry to pacify Arachosia, and as soon as food supplies were gathered the main force of the army began to march for the Hindu Kush.