By Richard Le Heron, Christina Stringer
In the foreign agri-food group a minimum of 4 theoretical goals are attracting expanding recognition. they're: the proven notions of community and commodity chain which are being revisited when it comes to serious engagement knowledgeable by way of the insights of extensive empirical paintings, the metrics of calculation and institutional embedding that underpin the increase and performance of governance applied sciences, where of local networking in growing stipulations that make attainable agri-food manufacturer participation in neighborhood provisioning and provide, and the geo-historical dimensions of interconnection and interdependency within the agri-food sphere. This quantity brings jointly an interdisciplinary staff of anthropologists, economists, buinsess and administration lecturers and geographers to envision quite a lot of case reports illustrating a number of agri-food commodity chains and networks all over the world and to debate how those hyperlink globally.
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Extra resources for Agri-Food Commodity Chains and Globalising Networks (The Dynamics of Economic Space)
Under conditions of surplus labour, remuneration of (unskilled) workers will be close to the minimum required for survival, determined mainly by the costs of basic food crops. Trade unions as a force to elevate basic wage levels have only developed in few agri-businesses within developing countries; their bargaining power is often being reduced by the permanent threat of companies to relocate production or sourcing to lower-cost regions or countries. Barriers-to-Entry and their Effects on Weaker Actors in the Chains Governance of value chains is directly related to the existence or absence of barriersto-entry for producers at its upper end.
Hecht, T. J. and Mather, D. (2003), An Economic and Sectoral Study of the South African Fishing Industry, vol. 1. Economic and Regulatory Principles, Survey Results, Transformation and Socio-economic Impact, Report prepared for Marine and Coastal Management by Rhodes University, South Africa. Chapter 3 Agribusiness and Poverty Reduction: What Can be Learned from the Value Chain Approach? Andreas Stamm Introduction The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), adopted by the Millennium Summit of 2000 commit the international community to a strategy of accelerated poverty reduction.
Being part of a contract farming system does not always imply a very signiﬁcant net increase in the income of farmers’ households, at least in the cases of outgrower schemes visited by our research team. Most of the farmers work on small and diversiﬁed holdings. Major parts of the farms are subsistence oriented, while the outgrower schemes only apply to one or few commercial crops. While the average increase in income is limited, a major poverty alleviating effect results from an increased security regarding the cash income received during the harvest periods.