By Marjorie A. Hoy
Content material: creation to Acarology normal creation to Acarology chosen References chosen web content correct to Acarology the connection of Mites to different Arthropods features of the Arthropoda better type of Mites chosen References simple constitution and serve as of Mites Morphology Feeding and nutrition varieties Excretion Water stability Muscle method respiratory The fearful and Sensory platforms The Circulatory process Lifecycles Diapause Dispersal replica Genetics and intercourse selection chosen References assortment, identity and Culturing of Mites assortment pursuits amassing Plant-Feeding or Predatory Mites tracking Vertebrates for Parasitic Mites and Ticks id of Mites Culturing Mites extra Acarological details chosen References built-in Mite administration approach and strategies the tactic of built-in Mite administration historic review Classical, Augmentative, and Conservation organic regulate Quarantines Cultural Controls Genetic keep an eye on Chemical keep watch over Pesticide Resistance Host-Plant Resistance Sampling and tracking tools Crop Pest keep an eye on specialists and built-in Pest administration chosen References Pest Mites and Their typical Enemies on crops Tetranychidae: top-rated Plant Pests Systematics. Biology function of Silk Dispersal inhabitants Dynamics Tetranychid Anatomy chosen Species of Plant Pests through Genus Tetranychidae and Plant illnesses Tetranychidae as Weed regulate brokers Host-Plant Resistance to Tetranychidae Resistance to Host-Plant Resistance Pesticide Resistance in Tetranychids chosen References The Tarsonemidae Biology of the Plant-Feeding Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus (or Phytonemus) pallidus Polyphagotarsonemus (or Hemitarsonemus) latus keep watch over different Pest Species of Tarsonemids chosen References The Eriophyoidea: the great, the undesirable, and the Unknown simple Biology Vectors of illness: certainly bad chosen Eriophyoid Pests accumulating and Sampling Eriophyoids Eriophyoids as replacement Prey: most likely stable. Invasive Eriophyoid Species: sincerely undesirable organic keep an eye on of Weeds through Eriophyoid Mites: almost certainly sturdy id of Eriophyoids keep an eye on of Eriophyoids chosen References The Tenuipalpidae (Flat or fake Spider Mites) as Pests Biology a few Tenuipalpid Pests all over the world. Transmission of Plant illnesses regulate of Tenuipalpids chosen References The Penthaleidae Systematics and Distribution Red-Legged Earth Mite (RLEM) Blue Oat Mite (Penthaleus species) chosen References buddies or Foes? The Anystidae: acquaintances of constrained worth. The Hypoaspidae: associates, in particular for Augmentative Releases. The Tuckerellidae: strength Pests infrequently came upon other than in Tropical and Subtropical Climates The Tydeidae: often pals as Predators, substitute Prey, and Sanitizing brokers The Acaridae: often Foes yet sometimes invaluable? The Hemisarcoptidae: neighbors Requiring extra examine The Stigmaeidae: buddies, in particular in Unsprayed Orchards and Vineyards. The Oribatida (Cryptostigmata): frequently invaluable within the Soil yet could cause Crop Root harm and Contaminate meals chosen References The Phytoseiidae: potent typical Enemies basic Biology Phytoseiid Systematics Phytoseiids in Augmentative organic regulate courses Life-Table Analyses of Phytoseiids Prey-Location habit Dispersal Plant-Emitted Volatiles and organic keep an eye on. Pesticide Resistances in Phytoseiids Genetic development of Phytoseiids Rearing tools for Spider Mites and Phytoseiids chosen References Predatory bugs and Plant-Feeding Mites bugs as Predators of Plant-Feeding Mites: execs and Cons relatives Coccinellidae (Order Coleoptera): Stethorus Are Mite experts relations Staphylinidae (Order Coleoptera): Oligota Species can be invaluable Predators of Spider Mites Order Thysanoptera (Phlaeothripidae, Asolothripidae, Thripidae): Thrips might be Generalists or experts (Six-Spotted Thrips) Heteroptera (Hemiptera: real Bugs): Generalist Predators of Small Arthropods, together with Mites. Cecidomyiidae (Order Diptera): Feltiella Species will be potent Predators of Spider Mites Order Neuroptera (Chrysopidae, Coniopterigidae, Hemerobiidae): Generalist Predators that can occasionally Feed on Mites Ants as Predators of T. urticae Spiders as Predators of Mites and Ticks: much less good Studied chosen References Pathogens and Symbionts of Mites and Ticks Microbial Symbionts and Pathogens Viruses of Mites and Ticks Fungal Pathogens Microsporidial Pathogens. Commercialization of Microbial insecticides. chosen References Exemplars of built-in Mite administration courses for Plant-Feeding Mites Classical organic keep watch over of the Cassava eco-friendly Mite in Africa Steps in a Classical organic regulate software Cassava eco-friendly Mite (Mononychellus tanajoa) in Africa. keep watch over Measures tried chance evaluate for Classical organic regulate Taxonomic difficulties Why now not Use African Phytoseiids as usual Enemies? application bills and merits chosen References built-in Mite administration in Washington Apple Orchards The Apple atmosphere. Mites on Apples IMM from the Sixties to the Early Nineties issues of IMM within the Nineteen Nineties present and destiny adjustments to IMM in Washington Apple Orchards. chosen References built-in Mite administration in California Almonds Almonds in California Pest Mites in California Almond Orchards. study on keep an eye on strategies mixed strategies of the IMM software up-to-date Almond Pest administration application chosen References built-in Mite administration in Citrus in Florida and California Citrus construction in Florida and California range in California Climates and Mite Species. coping with Mites in Florida Citrus Groves study wishes chosen References handling Mites on decorative crops kinds of decorative vegetation. strategies for coping with Pests of Ornamentals Mites on decorative crops Predatory Mite unencumber equipment in Greenhouses the way forward for Pest administration in Greenhouse Ornamentals chosen References Soil Mites and Agriculture Pest Mites of Honey Bees Varroa jacobsoni Biology and Taxonomy tracking for Varroa regulate of Varroa built-in Varroa administration. chosen References Tracheal Mite (Acarapis woodi) Biology built-in keep an eye on of Acarapis woodi chosen References Parasitic Mites of Mammals and Birds Ticks (Argasidae and Ixodidae) Ticks as Pests Biology of the Ixodidae Genera of the Ixodidae Biology of the Argasidae Pest administration of Ticks chosen References Pest Mites of Farm and spouse Animals bird crimson Mite or Roost Mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Dermanyssidae) ecu or Northern bird Mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Macronyssidae). Tropical chicken Mite, Ornithonyssus bursa (Macronyssidae) Chiggers (Actinedida: Trombiculidae) Follicle Mites, Demodex (Actinedida: Demodicidae). Straw- or Hay-Itch Mites, Pyemotes (Actinedida: Pyemotidae) Fur Mites, Cheyletiella (Actinedida: Cheyletiellidae) Acaridid Mites as Parasites or Scavengers Endoparasites of farm animals chosen References Pest Mites of kept items and families Post-Harvest Pest Mites Acarine Pests of kept meals keep an eye on of Mites in saved Grains and different meals kept Bulb Mites and Their keep watch over chosen References airborne dirt and dust Mites (Pyroglyphidae) the significance of dirt Mites Species of dirt Mites. Biology of dirt Mites built-in administration of airborne dirt and dust Mites and Their Allergens chosen References a few common Conclusions approximately built-in Mite administration word list Index
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Additional resources for Agricultural acarology : introduction to integrated mite management
Kono, M. E. Styer. 1982. An Illustrated Guide to Plant Abnormalities Caused by Eriophyid Mites in North America, USDA Handbook 573. S. Department of Agriculture. W. 1971. A Manual of Acarology. Corvallis: Oregon State University Bookstores. W. E. ) 2009. A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press. D. 1953. Environmental factors controlling the evocation and termination of diapause in the fruit tree red spider mite Metatetranychus ulmi Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Ann.
The Astigmata (= Acaridida, which include stored products mites) typically lack stigmata. The Prostigmata (= Actinedida, which include plant-feeding mite families), have stigmata in the dorsal anterior region of the mite. The stigmatal openings of Cryptostigmata (= Oribatida, or soil or beetle mites) are hidden (or cryptic). The Metastigmata (= Ixodida) have the stigmatal openings on special plates just behind the fourth pair of legs. 14). 14 The location of the stigma (or stigmata, openings to the respiratory system) varies in mite groups.
Effect of prey stage on life table attributes of a genetically manipulated strain of Metaseiulus occidentalis (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 9:201–217. M. C. Maitlen, and Z. Burdajewic. 1971a. Pheromone studies of the two spotted spider mite. I. Evidence of a sex pheromone. J. Econ. Entomol. 64:355–358. , S. Predki, and E. Klostermeyer. 1971b. Pheromone studies of the two spotted spider mite. II. Behavioral response of males to quiescent deutonymphs. J. Econ. Entomol. 53:379–382. E. 1973.