By Keith Davidson
Иллюстрированный путеводитель по Аляске. Множество фотографий, иллюстраций и карт как выбрать правильный маршрут. Планы и карты национальных парков Аляски. Огромный выбор отелей и ресторанов город за городом: достопримечательности и праздники. Прогулки, экскурсии и тематические маршруты. Alaska should be approximately divided , into 8 major areas. the biggest urban, Anchorage, brings a style of city lifestyles to the desolate tract, whereas to the south, the Kenai Peninsula deals quite a number outdoors actions. Prince William Sound, a impressive bay at the south coast, positive factors amazing surroundings and wildlife-viewing. Southeast Alaska, an archipelago of lovely islands, boasts the kingdom capital Juneau, and a number of captivating cities. The titanic inside, bisected through the Alaska variety, includes Fairbanks, the states moment urban, and Alaskas section of the Klondike goldfields. Southwest Alaska combines stark volcanic landscapes with tremendous fishing grounds, whereas Arctic and Western Alaska is a pristine wasteland. under is an summary of every of those different areas.
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Lower 48 and nullified any claims to Native sovereignty. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), which set aside 162,500 sq miles (420,870 sq km) as protected wilderness. As a result, a host of national parks were created, including Wrangell-St. Elias, Kenai Fjords, Gates of the Arctic, and Katmai. ” Many of them feel that Aialik Bay in Kenai Fjords National Park, which was they should have priority access created in 1980 under ANILCA 1994 Due to high cost 2004 10,000 sq miles (26,300 projections, voters reverse capital move initiative; Juneau stays the capital 1990 1995 sq km) of Alaska burn in the worst wildfire season since statehood 2000 1997 Japanese 2000 Alaska freighter runs aground and spills fuel at Unalaska Airlines plane crashes off California coast 2005 2006 Mount Augustine erupts, with pyroclastic flows and plumes of ash 2010 2015 Eruption of Mount Augustine, 2006 Alaska area by area ALASKA AT A GLANCE 60–61 ANCHORAGE 62–91 THE KENAI PENINSULA 92–111 PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND 112–123 SOUTHEAST ALASKA 124–155 WESTERN INTERIOR ALASKA 156–179 EASTERN INTERIOR ALASKA 180–201 SOUTHWEST ALASKA 202–217 ARCTIC AND WESTERN ALASKA 218–235 60 A L A S K A A R E A B Y A R E A Alaska at a Glance Thanks to its plate tectonics and glaciation, Alaska has a magniﬁcent array of landforms.
To discourage British interest in the region, merchant and head of the Russian-American Company, Grigory Shelikov, established the first permanent Russian community at Three Saints Bay on Kodiak Island in 1784. Eight years later, he was granted a fur monopoly by Tsarina Catherine II. Over the next decade, both George Vancouver, who had been one of Cook’s lieutenants, and Alejandro Malaspina of Spain, explored the Southeast and the Gulf of Alaska for their respective countries. Despite their efforts, TIMELINE 1725 Bering explores the area east of the Russian mainland 1733 On Bering’s second expedition, Georg Wilhelm Steller conducts nature studies in Alaska Vitus Bering 1781 Grigory Shelikov establishes Russian-American fur trading company 1764 Clashes between Russians and Aleuts 1740 1720 1728 Bering sails through Bering Strait, but does not land in Alaska 1760 1780 1741 Alexei Chirikov reaches 1772 Russian 1784 Shelikov Prince of Wales Island; Bering dies on Bering Island in the Komandorski Islands settlement established at Unalaska sets up a town on Kodiak Island T H E H I S T O R Y O F A L A S K A 51 Russian influence in the region.
Despite this tragedy, Alaska continued to grow. 6 billion barrels of recoverable oil reserves on statecontrolled land. Alaska sold oil leases worth $900 million, and six years later, the Alyeska Corporation began construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline and the black gold rush was on. Thousands of workers flooded into Alaska for well-paying pipeline jobs and 39 months and $8 billion later, the oil began to flow. The resulting oil revenues were used to establish the Alaska Permanent Fund in 1982, which now serves as a state savings account and pays an annual dividend to every resident of Alaska.