By J. Eilenberg, Heikki M. T. Hokkanen
Biological keep an eye on is without doubt one of the such a lot promising tools for keep an eye on of pests, ailments and weeds, and this publication treats ecological and societal points jointly for the 1st time. the purpose is to judge the importance of sure organic homes like biodiversity and traditional habitats. In a societal strategy phrases like ‘consumer’s attitude’, ‘risk perception’, ‘learning and schooling’ and ‘value triangle’ are famous as major for organic creation and human welfare.
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Additional resources for An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control (Progress in Biological Control)
M. and Timmer, R. 1997. Commercial mass production and pricing of organisms for biological control of pests in Europe. Biological Control 10, 143-149. van Lenteren, J. , Hokkanen H. M. , et al. 2003. Environmental risk assessment of exotic natural enemies used in inundative biological control. BioControl 48, 3-38. van Lenteren, J. , Hokkanen, H. M. T. and Loomans, A. J. M. 2006. Assessing risks of releasing exotic biological control agents. Annu. Rev. Entomol. (in press). , Becker, H. and Runge-Metzger, A.
Already in 1987, Denmark and the German federal state Saarland had started to pay subsidies for conversion to organic farming. Later, various countries started ‘organic programmes’ with financial, educational and legislative incentives for organic production and marketing. As a consequence, a broad range of organic products became available in larger quantities and with better quality. Inspection and certification systems were further developed to give consumers a guarantee that the production method is followed.
SPEISER, E. WYSS AND V. MAURER comprehensive overview of this regulation, see Schmidt & Haccius (1992) and Graf et al. (1999). 4. United States’ National Organic Program The United States’ National Organic Program (hereafter called ‘NOP’) was first proposed in 1997, and has been amended in 2000. For a brief history, see Baker (2004). It provides legally binding standards for organic production, processing and marketing of organic products. NOP takes a different approach to inputs than the other regulations: All natural (‘nonsynthetic’) inputs are allowed, unless they are explicitly prohibited, and all synthetic inputs are prohibited, unless they are explicitly allowed.