By George Emanuel
The second one variation of Analytical Fluid Dynamics offers an improved and up to date remedy of inviscid and laminar viscous compressible flows from a theoretical point of view. It emphasizes uncomplicated assumptions, the actual features of circulation, and the best formulations of the governing equations for next analytical remedy.
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Extra info for Analytical Fluid Dynamics
It will prove convenient for us to use Cartesian coordinates for some of the subsequent derivations. As noted, there is no loss in generality in doing this. 42) means that the normal stress is independent of the orientation of the surface ds as given by nˆ . This is the case for the stress due to the hydrostatic pressure p, which varies with r but not with nˆ . 43) where, by convention, a compressive stress is negative, hence producing the minus sign. A fluid motion with a nonzero velocity gradient will possess normal stresses that are not equal to the negative of the hydrostatic pressure.
7). 9b) ↔ Any additional simplification of ∇ • τ would require further assumptions or approximations. 58)], or the assumption of constant values for µ and λ. 5 INERTIAL FRAME In the derivation considered thus far, an inertial frame or coordinate system has been tacitly assumed. In particular, Newton’s second law requires that the velocity and acceleration of a fluid particle be measured in a stationary, or inertial, frame; thus, the origin of a curvilinear coordinate system ξ i should be at the center of mass of the universe and should rotate with the average angular momentum of the universe.
Our governing energy principle states that the time rate of change of the total energy of a material volume is due to the rate of heat transfer to V and the rate of work done on the material volume. 19) is utilized on the left side. 20) for the total energy equation. 20) relates the changes in total energy to the rates of work and heat transfer. Observe that gravitational potential energy is effectively represented by the F b term. As a consequence, the total energy does not contain the potential energy due to gravity; some authors include the gravitational potential energy as part of the total energy.