By Richard Bosley, Martin M. Tweedale
This booklet is an intensive overview and research of Aristotelian inspiration as obtained and tailored via such medieval commentators as Ammonius, Philoponus, Boethius, al-Farabi, Yahya ibn 'Adi, Avicenna, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Martin of Dacia, Simon of Faversham, John Duns Scotus, Peter of Spain, Robert Kilwardby, William of Ockham, and Giles of Rome. The discussions diversity from metaphysics to common sense, linguistics, and epistemology, encompassing such themes as being, god, causation, reality, potentiality, universals, individuation, signification, cognition, walk in the park, infallibility, errors, lack of expertise, analogy, grammar, interpretation, foundationalism, and the eucharist and transubstantiation.
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Extra resources for Aristotle and His Medieval Interpreters (Canadian Journal of Philosophy Supplementary Volume)
24 Thomas Aquinas , SCG I c. 11: "simpliciter quidem Deum esse per se notum est: cum hoc ipsum quod Deus est, sit suum esse. Sed quia hoc ipsum quod Deus est mente concipere non possumus, remanet ignotum quoad nos. Sicut omne totum sua parte maius esse, per se notum est simpliciter: ei autem qui rationem totius mente non conciperet, oporteret esse ignotum. ' I certainly don't mean to be ignoring these distinctions. But I do want to suggest that this last useÂ Â 'in' as in 'in a subject'Â Â rests on a metaphorical extension of the idea of being in a vessel or container.
Cf. , Thomas Aquinas , L I, l 1. 29 Thomas Aquinas , Super Post. An. , I lectio 30: "duplex est modus acquirendi scientiam. " Â < previous page < previous page page_141 page_142 next page > next page > Page 142 the conclusion be true if the premisses are true. ''34 So not only is there no guarantee that what a cognizer uses as a proper first principle of scientia will be something known with certainty, there isn't even a guarantee that what the cognizer starts with as a first principle will be true, since it is the result of induction.
Previous page < previous page page_157 page_158 next page > next page > 43 44 Page 158 developing here it isn't difficult to accommodate this example if we take 'science' broadly enough to include the social sciences as well. The fact that in this passage Aquinas is obviously discussing an example of Aristotle's should serve to remind us that the question of Aquinas's relation to Aristotle still remains. On Irwin's view of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, Aristotle is a foundationalist, at least at the time of writing that work.